Listening is the language modality that is used most frequently. It has been estimated that adults spend almost half their communication time listening, and students may receive as much as 90% of their in-school information through listening to instructors and to one another.
Listening is the way to get information from oral product that is hearing sound, vocal or people speaking. however, language learners do not recognize the level of effort that goes into developing listening ability.
Far from passively receiving and recording aural input, listeners actively involve themselves in the interpretation of what they hear, bringing their own background knowledge and linguistic knowledge to bear on the information contained in the aural text.
Not all listening is the same; casual greetings, for example, require a different sort of listening capability than do academic lectures. Ex : hi
Language learning requires intentional listening that employs strategies for identifying sounds and making meaning from them.
Listening involves a sender (a person (speaker), radio, television), a message, and a receiver (the listener).
Listeners often must process messages as they come, even if they are still processing what they have just heard, without backtracking or looking ahead. In addition, listeners must cope with the sender's choice of vocabulary (word), structure (grammar), and rate of delivery.
The complexity of the listening process is magnified in second language contexts, where the receiver also has incomplete control of the language.
Given the importance of listening in language learning and teaching, it is essential for language teachers to help their students become effective listeners. In the communicative approach to language teaching, this means modeling listening strategies and providing listening practice in authentic situations: those that learners are likely to encounter when they use the language outside the classroom.
Modeling or teaching listening can do in many ways. Teacher or menthor can use song to teach listening. For ex, student hear music and guess the meaning of the song. Also watching movie can increase student listening.