29 June 2012


What is reading? Reading is about understanding written texts.It is a complex activity that involves both perception and thought. Reading is process to understand text about.

Reading consists of two related processes: word recognition and comprehension. Word recognition refers to the process of perceiving how written symbols or respond to one’s spoken language.symbols here can be alfabet, numberyc, coma, dot etc

 Comprehension is the process of making sense of words, sentences and connected text. Here the reader will guessing and translated the vocab and symbol to become the text or writer mean.

Readers typically make use of background knowledge, vocabulary, grammatical knowledge, experience with text and other strategies to help them understand written text. Ex : the meaning or story tell about in novel

Learning to read is an important educational goal. For both children and adults, the ability to read opens up new worlds and opportunities. It enables us to gain new knowledge, enjoy literature, and do everyday things that are part and parcel of modern life, such as, reading the newspapers, job listings,instruction manuals, maps, reading blog, web and so on.

The principles outlined below are based on studies of children and adults, native speakers as well as those learning to read in a second or foreign language. They deal with different aspects of reading that are important in the planning and design of instruction and materials.

Reading needed for student to got good score in school. Text book can't be transferred knowledge without reading process.

28 June 2012

how to teach speaking in efl class

speaking English is the main goal of many adult learners. Their personalities play a large role in determining how quickly and how correctly they will accomplish this goal. Those who are risk-takers unafraid of making mistakes will generally be more talkative, but with many errors that could become hard-to-break habits. Conservative, shy students may take a long time to speak confidently, but when they do, their English often contains fewer errors and they will be proud of their English ability. It's a matter of quantity vs. quality, and neither approach is wrong. However, if the aim of speaking is communication and that does not require perfect English, then it makes sense to encourage quantity in your classroom. Break the silence and get students communicating with whatever English they can use, correct or not, and selectively address errors that block communication. How to Teach Speaking in an Efl Class II - Carolina Terry for download please click here

Teaching Listening

Listening is the language modality that is used most frequently. It has been estimated that adults spend almost half their communication time listening, and students may receive as much as 90% of their in-school information through listening to instructors and to one another.

Listening is the way to get information from oral product that is hearing sound, vocal or people speaking. however, language learners do not recognize the level of effort that goes into developing listening ability. Far from passively receiving and recording aural input, listeners actively involve themselves in the interpretation of what they hear, bringing their own background knowledge and linguistic knowledge to bear on the information contained in the aural text.

Not all listening is the same; casual greetings, for example, require a different sort of listening capability than do academic lectures. Ex : hi

Language learning requires intentional listening that employs strategies for identifying sounds and making meaning from them. Listening involves a sender (a person (speaker), radio, television), a message, and a receiver (the listener).

Listeners often must process messages as they come, even if they are still processing what they have just heard, without backtracking or looking ahead. In addition, listeners must cope with the sender's choice of vocabulary (word), structure (grammar), and rate of delivery.

The complexity of the listening process is magnified in second language contexts, where the receiver also has incomplete control of the language. Given the importance of listening in language learning and teaching, it is essential for language teachers to help their students become effective listeners. In the communicative approach to language teaching, this means modeling listening strategies and providing listening practice in authentic situations: those that learners are likely to encounter when they use the language outside the classroom.

Modeling or teaching listening can do in many ways. Teacher or menthor can use song to teach listening. For ex, student hear music and guess the meaning of the song. Also watching movie can increase student listening.

25 June 2012

Teaching speaking

teaching speaking is how to teach people, students or other to able explain the idea in their mind to out put that is spoken product. for example by doing a dialogue that can attract and use to young learners in learning English language. story telling also a good method to used in teaching speaking. the important thing in teaching speaking is make suer the student or learner want, brave and try to explore and practice their skill with patner. speaking is habitual, to master in speaking must speak, without practice impossible to able spoke. make students feel need to learn and comfortable to increase their motivation in teaching learning process.